18 Jun Too much rain!
Rain is a good thing. However, too much rain may cause issues in the garden. Here in Central Ohio, (like many areas of the country) we have had the heaviest rains on record in the last 50 years. It makes it extremely difficult for farmers to plant their crops during the optimal spring time frame, and for gardeners as well. Having excessive amounts of rain in the field and the garden, can cause a host of problems from lost nutrients, plant disease and soil compaction. Each of these issues can be combated with a few easy steps to get you through during the growing season.
What are the signs that your plants are receiving too much water?
- Yellowing leaves
- Wilting leaves
- Stunted growth
- Poor crop production (no blooms on plants)
- Plants are dying.
What do you do if your garden receives too much rain or water?
Turn off your irrigation system. Stop watering if the rain is in the forecast. If soil moisture levels are high it will deplete the oxygen from the soil and drown the roots.
Avoid walking around in your garden if it’s too muddy. Consider putting down mulch down to reduce the soil compaction.
Take care of your plants. Wet weather brings out an abundance of slugs and other small insects. Check your plants daily. Pick off any slugs or insects you can detect.
How to reduce plant diseases
Plant diseases like bacteria and fungi flourish from prolonged leaf wetness and excess moisture around the plant root zone areas. Too much rain and overcast skies can slow the plant’s growth and affect the blossom production. Heavy rain leaches nutrients from the soil and can trigger nutrient deficiency, affecting the plant growth.
If you do not have any ground cover, spreading mulch or newspaper around the base of the plants can prevent soil from splashing up on the lower leaves and stem. Trim any low leaves near the soil. This helps in minimizing the spread of disease spores from the soil surface and allows better air flow near the base of the plant.
Keep the mulch to a maximum of 2 inches deep to prevent soil erosion during wet periods. Excessive mulch may prolong the soil wetness and could lead to root rot infection.
How to replenish lost nutrients
Nutrient loss can be replenished in several ways. Foliar and granular fertilizer offer options that can work best for you and your garden.
First, granular fertilizer may be applied by side dressing the plants. (Apply the fertilizer near the row of plant, but not directly on top of the plants.) Expect a delay between fertilizer application and nutrient availability. Slow release products may take up to 8 weeks to release. However, they provide a steady feeding during the growing season.
Second, nutrients may be foliar applied to the plants. This provides high levels of nitrogen and some micronutrients for your plants. With foliar application the fertilizer will move more quickly through the plant and soil than a traditional granular fertilizer. Be sure to choose a fertilizer that is designed for foliar application.
Keep in mind that plants receive a majority of their nutrients through the root system. Foliar application only provides a small amounts of nutrients compared to granular fertilizer, so apply or re-applying HyR BRIX® fertilizer’s a good starting point.
Overall control of the garden
We know we can’t control the weather, however, we can take steps to prevent having issues in the garden after a heavy rains.
Keep your garden in a well-drained area. Don’t plant in an area that is low lying and is prone to holding water.
Add mulch in your garden. Not only does this reduce soil compaction, it reduces disease and keeps weeds away.
It’s ok if you need to put down another application of fertilizer. Fertilizer will move through the ground quickly through leaching. A second application may be needed. Your plants need nutrients just like you!
Finally, keep an eye on your garden. Look for disease, and insects. Remove them as quickly as possible.
We all have one goal: A lush productive garden! Here at HyR BRIX® we want to help you succeed by providing tips, ideas, and support to help you achieve your goal!